benzoin

Definitions:

  • A balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asian trees of the genus <em>Styrax</em> and used in perfumery and medicine.
  • A white or yellowish crystalline compound, C<sub>14</sub>H<sub>12</sub>O<sub>2</sub>, derived from benzaldehyde.
  • Gum benjamin; the concrete resinous juice of <em>Styrax Benzoin</em>, a tree of Sumatra, Java, and the Malay peninsula, obtained by incisions into the bark.
  • [<em>capitalized</em>] A genus of aromatic dicotyledonous trees or shrubs of the family <em>Lauraceæ.</em> See <internalXref urlencoded="Lindera">Lindera</internalXref>.
  • A compound, C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>CHOHCOC<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>, formed when benzaldehyde is boiled with alcohol containing a little potassium cyanide. It melts at 130° C. and boils at 344° C. Also <internalXref urlencoded="diphenylethanolone">diphenylethanolone</internalXref>.
  • A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the <spn>Styrax benzoin</spn>, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume.
  • A white crystalline substance, C14H12O2, obtained from benzoic aldehyde and some other sources.
  • The spicebush (<spn>Lindera benzoin</spn>).
  • benzoic acid. See under <er>Benzoic</er>.
  • used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus Lindera
  • gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation
powered by