equilibrium

Definitions:

  • A condition in which all acting influences are canceled by others, resulting in a stable, balanced, or unchanging system.
  • Mental or emotional balance.
  • The state of a body or physical system at rest or in unaccelerated motion in which the resultant of all forces acting on it is zero and the sum of all torques about any axis is zero.
  • None
  • The state of a chemical reaction in which its forward and reverse reactions occur at equal rates so that the concentration of the reactants and products does not change with time.
  • The state of a system in which more than one phase exists and exchange between phases occurs at equal rates so that there is no net change in the composition of the system.
  • Equipoise; the state of being equally balanced; a situation of a body in which the forces acting on it balance one another; also, a determination of forces such that they balance one another, so that their resultant vanishes.
  • The state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives, so that no effect is produced.
  • A state of just poise; a position of due balance.
  • In the <em>fine arts</em>: The just poise or balance of a figure or other object, making it appear to stand firmly. The properly balanced disposition or arrangement of objects, lights, shadows, etc.
  • Equality of influence or effect; due or just relationship.
  • None
  • <em>Indifferent</em> or <em>neutral equilibrium</em>, when the vertical gradient of temperature in still air is exactly equal to the adiabatic rate in moving air, and a disturbed mass stays in its new location.
  • <em>Unstable equilibrium</em>, when the vertical gradient of temperature in still air is greater than the adiabatic rate in moving air. In this ease the mass of air when once started in vertical motion continues to rise or fall as the case may be, because the thermodynamic change in its own temperature is less than the change actually existing in the surrounding atmosphere. A thunder-storm, with its ascending currents and formation of tall cumuli, illustrates unstable equilibrium.
  • In <em>chem.</em>: An assumed condition of a mass consisting of the same or of different kinds of matter, in which apparently no chemical change is going on, but in which it is imagined that individual atoms are exchanging places with others of exactly similar character, so that in a given (perhaps extremely short) time many molecules may be decomposed and precisely as many molecules, of absolutely similar character, formed.
  • The equilibrium of a liquid cooled, out of contact with its solid phase, below the temperature of equilibrium between the liquid and the solid; or of a liquid heated, out of contact with its vapor, above the temperature of equilibrium between the liquid and the vapor having a pressure equal to the actual pressure on the liquid. Water, free from ice, may be cooled many degrees below its usual freezing-point; when brought into contact with a fragment of ice, sometimes when disturbed mechanically, part of the water instantly freezes, and the temperature rises, from that of the labile equilibrium of water alone, to that of the stable equilibrium between water and ice.
  • Equality of weight or force; an equipoise or a state of rest produced by the mutual counteraction of two or more forces.
  • A level position; a just poise or balance in respect to an object, so that it remains firm; equipoise.
  • A balancing of the mind between motives or reasons, with consequent indecision and doubt.
  • a balanced valve. See under <er>Valve</er>.
  • The <xref>condition</xref> of a <xref>system</xref> in which <xref>competing</xref> <xref>influences</xref> are <xref>balanced</xref>, resulting in no <xref>net</xref> change.
  • The state of a <xref>body</xref> at <xref>rest</xref> or in <xref>uniform</xref> <xref>motion</xref> in which the <xref>resultant</xref> of all <xref>forces</xref> on it is <xref>zero</xref>.
  • The state of a <xref>reaction</xref> in which the <xref>rates</xref> of the <xref>forward</xref> and <xref>reverse</xref> reactions are the same.
  • <xref>Mental</xref> balance.
  • a stable situation in which forces cancel one another
  • equality of distribution
  • a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head
  • a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates
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