hamza

Definitions:

  • A sign in Arabic orthography used to represent the sound of a glottal stop, transliterated in English as an apostrophe.
  • A <xref>sign</xref> (<xref>ء</xref>‎ - a stand-alone hamza) used in the <xref>written</xref> <xref>Arabic</xref> <xref>language</xref> representing a <xref>glottal stop</xref>. Hamza may appear as a stand-alone letter or most commonly over or under other letters, e.g. <xref>أ‎</xref>‎ (over an <xref>alif</xref> - <xref>ا</xref>‎), <xref>إ‎</xref>‎ (under an alif), <xref>ؤ‎‎</xref>‎ (over a wāw - <xref>و</xref>‎) or <xref>ئ‎‎‎</xref>‎ (over a dotless yāʾ - <xref>ى</xref>‎). The exact seat of hamza is governed by an orthographic rule - "seat of hamza rule".
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