- A game played with a pile of straws or thin sticks, with the players attempting in turn to remove a single stick without disturbing the others.
- One of the straws or sticks used in this game.
- A figure or effigy of a man made of straw; hence, a man without any substance or means; a dependent. Also <internalXref urlencoded="jack%20of%20straw">jack of straw</internalXref>.
- One of a set of straws or strips of ivory, wood, bone, or the like, used in a children's game.
- <em>plural</em> The game thus played.
- [<em>capitalized</em>] In <em>English history</em>, a name assumed by rick-burners and destroyers of machines during the early years of the nineteenth century.
- The whitethroat, <em>Sylvia cinerea</em>, also called <internalXref urlencoded="winnell-straw">winnell-straw</internalXref>, from the straw used in making its nest. See <internalXref urlencoded="strawsmall">strawsmall</internalXref>.
- The blackcap, <em>Sylvia atricapilla.</em>
- The narrow-leafed plantain, <em>Plantago lanceolata.</em> Also called <internalXref urlencoded="rib-grass">rib-grass</internalXref> and <em>English plantain.</em>
- An effigy stuffed with straw; a scarecrow; hence, a man without property or influence.
- One of a set of straws of strips of ivory, bone, wood, etc., for playing a child's game, the jackstraws being thrown confusedly together on a table, to be gathered up singly by a hooked instrument, without touching or disturbing the rest of the pile. See <er>Spilikin</er>. A modern variation, called <contr>pick-up-sticks</contr> (U.S. 1940+), is played with thin wooden sticks of different colors, each color having different values for scoring; the sticks are dislodged from the pile with the hand or with one of the sticks.
- One of the pieces used for the game variously called <xref>jackstraws</xref> or pick-up-sticks.
- An insignificant person.
- a thin strip of wood used in playing the game of jackstraws