- The collecting, writing, editing, and presenting of news or news articles.
- Material written for publication or broadcast as news.
- The business of a journalist; the occupation of writing for, editing, or producing a newspaper or public journal; the diffusion of intelligence or of opinions by means of journals or newspapers and periodicals.
- The keeping of a journal; the practice of journalizing.
- The keeping of a journal or diary.
- The periodical collection and publication of current news; the business of managing, editing, or writing for, journals, newspapers, magazines, broadcasting media such as radio or television, or other news media such as distribution over the internet.
- The branch of knowledge that studies phenomena associated with news collection, distribution, and editing; a course of study, especially in institutions of higher learning, that teaches students how to write, edit, or report news.
- The activity or profession of being a <xref>journalist</xref>.
- The aggregating, writing, editing, and presenting of <xref>news</xref> or news articles for widespread distribution, typically in <xref>periodical</xref> print publications and <xref>broadcast</xref> news media, for the purpose of informing the audience.
- The style of writing characteristic of material in periodical print publications and broadcast news media, consisting of direct presentation of facts or events with an attempt to minimize analysis or interpretation.
- newspapers and magazines collectively
- the profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the media