subject

Definitions:

  • Being in a position or in circumstances that place one under the power or authority of another or others.
  • Prone; disposed.
  • Likely to incur or receive; exposed.
  • Contingent or dependent.
  • One who is under the rule of another or others, especially one who owes allegiance to a government or ruler.
  • None
  • One concerning which something is said or done; a person or thing being discussed or dealt with.
  • Something that is treated or indicated in a work of art.
  • A theme of a composition, especially a fugue.
  • A course or area of study.
  • A basis for action; a cause.
  • None
  • One that experiences or is subjected to something.
  • A person or animal that is the object of medical or scientific study.
  • A corpse intended for anatomical study and dissection.
  • One who is under surveillance.
  • The noun, noun phrase, or pronoun in a sentence or clause that denotes the doer of the action or what is described by the predicate.
  • The term of a proposition about which something is affirmed or denied.
  • None
  • The essential nature or substance of something as distinguished from its attributes.
  • The mind or thinking part as distinguished from the object of thought.
  • To cause to experience, undergo, or be acted upon.
  • To subjugate; subdue.
  • To submit to the authority of.
  • Placed or situated under or beneath.
  • Being under the power or dominion of another.
  • Exposed; liable, from extraneous or inherent causes; prone: with <em>to</em>: as, a country <em>subject to</em> extreme heat or cold; a person <em>subject to</em> attacks of fever.
  • Hence Exposed or liable, as to what may confirm or modify: with <em>to</em>: as, <em>subject to</em> your approval; <em>subject to</em> correction.
  • Submissive; obedient.
  • <strong>Synonyms</strong> Subordinate, subservient, inferior.
  • <em>Apt, Likely</em>, etc. See <internalXref urlencoded="apt">apt</internalXref>.
  • One who is placed under the authority, dominion, or controlling influence of another; specifically, one who owes allegiance to a sovereign and is governed by his laws; one who lives under the protection of, and owes allegiance to, a government.
  • A person or thing regarded as the recipient of certain treatment; one who or that which is exposed or liable to something specified.
  • Specifically— A dead body used for dissection.
  • One who is peculiarly sensitive to psychological experimentation; a sensitive.
  • One who or that which is the cause or occasion of something.
  • That on which any mental operation is performed; that which is thought, spoken, or treated of: as, a <em>subject</em> of discussion or negotiation; a <em>subject</em> for a sermon or a song; the <em>subject</em> of a story.
  • In <em>grammar</em>, that of which anything is affirmed; the nominative of a verb, without or with modifiers; the member or part of a sentence signifying that of which predication is made.
  • In <em>logic</em>, that term of a proposition of which the other is affirmed or denied.
  • In <em>metaphysics</em>: A real thing to which given characters relate and in which they are said to inhere.
  • In Kantian and modern philosophy, the self or ego to which in all thought all mental representations are attributed (according to Kant); also, a real (hypothetical) thing in which mental phenomena are supposed to inhere.
  • In <em>music</em>: In general, the theme or melodic phrase on which a work or movement is based, consisting of few or many tones variously combined and treated; a motive. When two or more principal subjects are used, they are often known as <em>first, second</em>, etc.
  • In contrapuntal works, the theme given out at the beginning, to which (in fugue and canon) the <em>answer</em> responds, and with which the <em>counter-subject</em> is combined which is taken as the basis for thematic development, for imitation, etc.
  • In the <em>fine arts</em>, the plan or general view chosen by an artist; the design of a composition or picture; the scheme or idea of a work of art: as, a historical <em>subject</em>; a genre <em>subject</em>; a marine <em>subject</em>; a pastoral <em>subject.</em>
  • In <em>decorative art</em>, a pictorial representation of human figures or animals; a picture representing action and incident.
  • <strong>Synonyms</strong> <em>Subject, Theme, Topic, Point, Thesis.</em> The first three of these words are often popularly used as exactly synonymous. Daniel Webster puts within a few lines of each other the two following sentences: [If an American Thucydides should arise,] “may his <em>theme</em> not be a Peloponnesian war,” and [American history] “will furnish no <em>topic</em> for a Gibbon.” Yet, strictly in rhetoric, and more often in general use, <em>subject</em> is the broad word for anything written or spoken about, while <em>theme</em> is the word for the exact and generally narrower statement of the <em>subject.</em> A <em>topic</em> is a still narrower <em>subject</em>; there may be several interesting <em>topics</em> suggested under a single <em>subject.</em> A <em>point</em> is by its primary meaning the smallest possible subdivision under a <em>subject. Thesis</em> is a technical word for a subject which takes the form of an exact proposition or assertion which is to be proved: as, Luther fastened his ninety-five <em>theses</em> to the church-door. The paper in which the proof of a <em>thesis</em> is attempted is also called a <em>thesis.</em> A student's composition is often called a <em>theme.</em> The meaning of the other words is not extended to the written or spoken discourse. See <internalXref urlencoded="proposition">proposition</internalXref>.
  • In <em>geometry</em>, the figure cut by the picture-plane.
  • In <em>experimental psychology</em>: The observer or reactor; the person upon whom an experiment is made.
  • More correctly, the person, normal or abnormal in mental condition, who is subjected to a mental test or an examination of mental efficiency.
  • To put, lay, or spread under; make subjacent.
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