• A high officer in a Muslim government, especially in the Ottoman Empire.
  • A councilor of state; a high executive officer in Turkey and other Oriental countries.
  • the chief minister of the Turkish empire; -- called also <altname>vizier-azem</altname>.
  • A high-ranking <xref>official</xref> or <xref>minister</xref> in an Islamic <xref>government</xref>, especially in the <xref>Ottoman Empire</xref>.
  • a high official in a Muslim government (especially in the Ottoman Empire)
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