- A high officer in a Muslim government, especially in the Ottoman Empire.
- A councilor of state; a high executive officer in Turkey and other Oriental countries.
- the chief minister of the Turkish empire; -- called also <altname>vizier-azem</altname>.
- A high-ranking <xref>official</xref> or <xref>minister</xref> in an Islamic <xref>government</xref>, especially in the <xref>Ottoman Empire</xref>.
- a high official in a Muslim government (especially in the Ottoman Empire)