zither

Definitions:

  • A musical instrument composed of a flat sound box with about 30 to 40 strings stretched over it and played horizontally with the fingertips, a plectrum, or a bow, or set into vibration by the wind, as in the Aeolian harp.
  • Same as <internalXref urlencoded="cithern">cithern</internalXref>.
  • An instrument of music used in Austria and Germany. It has from thirty to forty wires strung across a shallow sounding-board, which lies horizontally on a table before the performer, who uses both hands in playing on it. [Not to be confounded with the old lute-shaped <contr>cittern</contr>, or <contr>cithern</contr>.]
  • A <xref>musical instrument</xref> consisting of a flat sounding box with numerous <xref>strings</xref>, placed on a horizontal surface, and played with a <xref>plectrum</xref> and fingertips; similar to a <xref>dulcimer</xref>. In the Norwegian harpeleik and Swedish cittra versions, the instrument is considered a chorded zither and usually has 7 (Norwegian) to 9 (Swedish) chords, some with as many as 11 strings each, which are mostly strummed and damped as chords, although sometimes plucked. The Norwegian harpeleik and Swedish cittra are still in production by a German manufacturer.
  • a musical stringed instrument with strings stretched over a flat sounding board; it is laid flat and played with a plectrum and with fingers
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